The Relationship Between Exclusive Breastfeeding Status and the Incidence of Stunting in Children Under Three Years Old at Bimamaroa Health Center, South Konawe Regency


  • Julianti Julianti STIKes Pelita Ibu
  • Wa Ode Sri Kamba Wuna STIKes Pelita Ibu
  • Juli Purnama Hamudi STIKes Pelita Ibu


Exclusive Breastfeeding, Stunting


This study aims to evaluate the relationship between exclusive breastfeeding status and the incidence of stunting in children under three years old at Bimamaroa Health Center, South Konawe Regency. Using the Chi Square test in a case-control design, the results showed a significant association between exclusive breastfeeding status and the incidence of stunting in children under five years old. Asymp value. Sig. (2-sided) of 0.000 < 0.05, indicating statistical significance. The results of the Odds Ratio (OR) calculation show that children who do not get exclusive breastfeeding have a 6.8 times higher risk of stunting compared to children who get exclusive breastfeeding, with a 95% confidence interval between 0.031 to 0.149 (OR 95% CI). These findings highlight the importance of exclusive breastfeeding in preventing stunting in early childhood. This research contributes to the understanding of the factors that influence stunting and reinforces the urgency of exclusive breastfeeding practices. The clinical implications emphasise the need to increase education and support for breastfeeding mothers to improve exclusive breastfeeding practices, thereby reducing the risk of stunting in early childhood in the region.


Asi, M. et al. (2023) Pelayanan Keluarga Berencana. 1st edn. Purbalingga: CV.EUREKA MEDIA AKSARA. Available at:

Barry, E. et al. (2019) ‘Vaccines Against Shigella and Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli : A summary of the 2018 VASE Conference’, Vaccine, 37(34), pp. 4768–4774. doi:

Desalegn, B.B. et al. (2019) ‘Feeding Practices and Undernutrition in 6–23-Month-Old Children of Orthodox Christian Mothers in Rural Tigray, Ethiopia: Longitudinal Study’, Nutrients, 11(1), p. 138. doi:

Farming et al. (2023) Pengantar Psikoneuroimunolog. 1st edn. Edited by N. Sulung. Sumatra Barat. Available at:

Hossain, M.E. et al. (2021) ‘Impact of improved small-scale livestock farming on human nutrition’, Scientific Reports, 11(1), pp. 1–11. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-80387-x.

Kemenkes (2018) ‘Laporan_Nasional_RKD2018_FINAL.pdf’, Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan, p. 198. Available at:

Kemenkes RI (2021) Pedoman Pelayanan Kontrasepsi dan Keluarga Berencana. 3rd edn, 2021. 3rd edn. Jakarta: Kemenkes RI (BKKBN). Available at:

Lisnawati et al. (2022) ‘The Effect of the Application of Oxytocin Massage and the Consumption of Morage Leaf Biscuit on Breast Milk Production in Post-Partum Mothers in Bau-Bau City’, NeuroQuantology, 20(8), pp. 103–115. doi:10.14704/nq.2022.20.8.NQ44011.

Lisnawati et al. (2023) ‘Relationship between Gravidity and Low Birth Weight in Kendari City Hospital’, Indonesian Journal of Contemporary Multidisciplinary Research (MODERN), 2(3), pp. 445–464. doi:

Meilani, N. et al. (2018) ‘Dukungan Keluarga sebagai Faktor yang Memengaruhi Pemberian ASI Eksklusif pada Ibu Usia Remaja di Bantul, Yogyakarta’, Accreditation Number: Public Health Journal, 12(3), pp. 114–119. doi:10.21109/kesmas.

Notoadmojo, S. (2018) Metodologi Penelitian Kesehatan. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Available at:

Sartina et al. (2022) ‘Factors Related to the Event of Stunting in Toddlers Aged 24 – 59 Months in the Work Area of the Katobu Community Health Center, Muna Regency’, Journal of Asian Multicultural Research for Medical and Health Science Study, 3(4), pp. 22–29. doi:

Sugiyono (2022) Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D. Ke-II. Bandung: Alfabeta.

Survey Demografi Kesehatan Indonesia (2017) SDKI 2017. Available at:

Tawakkal et al. (2023) ‘Correlation between Clean and Healthy Behavior and ARI Incidence in the Work Area of the Morosi Community Health Center, Konawe Regency’, Indonesian Journal of Contemporary Multidisciplinary Research, 2(3), pp. 465–480. doi:



Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 3 > >>